What Are Antioxidants And Why Does The Body Need Them?

You hear the word antioxidants whenever you go for grocery. Antioxidants are found in a wide variety of minerals, vitamins, enzymes carotenoids and polyphenols, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and beta carotene.

Antioxidants help to slow down and prevent an excess of oxidation in the body and also helps in improving the immune system and reduces the risk of cancer and other diseases.

Oxygen produces energy to our bodies. It is produced by cells as by-products called free radicals. By definition, fee radicals are those molecules that have a missing electron. They are thus very unstable and damaging to the DNA. Free radicals, in order to become stable, get an electron from the cells of the body which results in health problems such as cancer. Free radicals are also formed due to the environmental factors such as smoking and introduction to ultraviolet rays. This reaction can easily be seen in certain fruits and vegetables. For example, if you cut Apple after a while, due to oxidation its color changes from white to brown.

Antioxidants are also good in repairing the damage caused by other things. Different antioxidants work in different conditions to give benefits to the body.

Below is an account of the most effective antioxidants that are not only present in supplements but also in fruits and vegetables that we can introduce in our diet.

Vitamin C

It is also known as ascorbic acid. It helps in holding together your bones, tissues, and muscles together and also keeps your blood vessels strong. Vitamin C is known to fight infections, heals the wounds and makes your immune system stronger. It is recommended that you inculcate a diet which is rich in vitamin C.

It is often thought that taking vitamin C will prevent you from catching colds and flu. Some folks do not agree to this. They say, that while vitamin C helps make your immune system stronger, it might not totally prevent you from catching the infections.

The best food sources of vitamin C are bell peppers, oranges, strawberry, citrus fruits, guava, Kiwi, papaya, broccoli, grapefruit, melons, mangos, leafy greens,  cabbage, tomatoes, and collard greens.

Colorful fruits and those high in citrus are also well known for being rich in vitamin C.

Vitamin E

Another antioxidant is vitamin E. it is a fat soluble vitamin, thus, besides other benefits, it helps in reducing the risk of heart diseases and stroke. It helps to prevent fatty acids, vitamin A and LDL from being oxidized. The best foods that are rich in vitamin E are nuts, dry fruits, sunflower seeds, sweet potato, avocado, soy, spinach, palm oil and peanut butter

Beta Carotene, Carotenoids, and Vitamin A

All these, are not only known for fighting against diseases but they also help in building the immune system stronger and promoting the wellbeing and health of cells in the tissues. They play a special role in the development of the embryo and reproductive cells. Vitamin A is also a fat soluble vitamin.

They best food sources for Carotenoids, Beta Carotene and Are those with bright colors, red, orange and yellow and green leafy vegetables. Vitamin A is found in dairy products like eggs and fish.